In the past few years, Whole Foods Market has gotten much stricter about where its products come from.The natural foods grocer has rolled out a series of standards regarding animal welfare, seafood sustainability and genetically modified ingredients -- to name a few -- that is unprecedented in scope for a major food retailer.Whole Foods officials say they're staying true to their core values, while also reacting to changing times and concerns from their customers."I would represent these latest efforts as a further step in a direction we've been pursuing for 32 years," co-CEO Walter Robb said, "which is to provide some sort of clarity, some sort of definition, some sort of leadership in the marketplace."And while it's impossible to predict the future, given Whole Foods' prominence, it could affect the larger grocery industry as well.While most supermarket chains have their own sets of standards, Whole Foods' appear to be the most stringent in the industry, analysts say."They've definitely taken it to a whole different level," said Brian Yarbrough, an analyst for Edward Jones.Since 2010, the Whole Foods has unveiled the following standards:
A color-coded rating program that measures the environmental impact of its wild-caught seafood. A green rating indicates the species is relatively abundant and is caught in environmentally friendly ways. The worst, a red rating, means the species is overfished, or that the methods used to catch it harm other marine life or habitats. Red-rated species were eventually phased out by Whole Foods.An animal welfare rating system for meats and other livestock products. The five-step rating system starts at step 1 (animals aren't crowded or kept in cages or crates) and goes to the highest tier, where animals spend their entire lives on the same farm.A rating system for household cleaning products, based on the environmental-friendliness of ingredients.And this year, the company announced that all products in its North American stores that contain genetically modified ingredients will be labeled as such by 2018.
As for genetically modified ingredients, Whole Foods first endorsed them for labeling in 1992, Mr. Robb said. But it never got much traction until a new process for modifying alfalfa, which is used to feed livestock, popped up in the news. And a proposition in California to label genetically modified ingredients in products last year -- while it ultimately failed -- further brought it into the public consciousness.But Whole Foods isn't reacting to market forces as much as it's staying true to its core values of providing high-quality foods, he said."From the beginning of the company, the core value No. 1 is selling the highest-quality natural and organic foods," he said. "So in a way, the company is built on a standard. And that standard ultimately is the thing that sets Whole Foods apart."Mr. Yarbrough said the new standards are an evolution of the natural and organics industry Whole Foods has built. "It's just another way of building customer loyalty and building that faith in that, when they offer something they're serious about this business," he said.